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 زمن المضارع التام المستمر The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

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PostSubject: زمن المضارع التام المستمر The Present Perfect Continuous Tense   Wed Oct 17, 2018 12:24 am



أولاً: صياغته
Have/has + been + verb + ing

I have been studying
He has been studying
She has been studying
It has been raining
We have been studying
They have been studying
You have been studying

ثانياً: استخداماته

1- يعبر عن حدث بدأ في الماضي ولازال مستمراً حتى الآن.

مثال:
- I have been learning English for 2 years. (it means that I started to learn English two years ago and I still learn it).

- She has been studying all the day. (it means that she studies her lessons all the day till now).

ملحوظة: يستخدم هذا الزمن غالباً مع الكلمات التالية
how long, for, since, for, just, yet, already, lately, recently, all the day, all the morning, so far, up to now, never, ever, this term, this week, this month, this season, this year, this century…

كما يشيع استخدامه مع الأفعال التي لا تنتهي بسرعة مثل
Expect, hope, learn, lie, live, rain, sleep, sit, snow, stand, stay, study, teach, wait, want, work, rest…
- He has been living here for five years.
- Have you been studying since I left?

يمكن كذلك استخدام هذا الزمن مع عبارة زمنية أو بدونها مثل
- He has been mending the car.
- He has been mending the car for some time now.زمن المضارع التام المستمر
The Present Perfect Continuous Tense

أولاً: صياغته
Have/has + been + verb + ing

I have been studying
He has been studying
She has been studying
It has been raining
We have been studying
They have been studying
You have been studying

ثانياً: استخداماته

1- يعبر عن حدث بدأ في الماضي ولازال مستمراً حتى الآن.

مثال:
- I have been learning English for 2 years. (it means that I started to learn English two years ago and I still learn it).

- She has been studying all the day. (it means that she studies her lessons all the day till now).

ملحوظة: يستخدم هذا الزمن غالباً مع الكلمات التالية
how long, for, since, for, just, yet, already, lately, recently, all the day, all the morning, so far, up to now, never, ever, this term, this week, this month, this season, this year, this century…

كما يشيع استخدامه مع الأفعال التي لا تنتهي بسرعة مثل
Expect, hope, learn, lie, live, rain, sleep, sit, snow, stand, stay, study, teach, wait, want, work, rest…
- He has been living here for five years.
- Have you been studying since I left?

يمكن كذلك استخدام هذا الزمن مع عبارة زمنية أو بدونها مثل
- He has been mending the car.
- He has been mending the car for some time now.
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زمن المضارع التام المستمر The Present Perfect Continuous Tense
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